Our next generation would find a text similar to this in the text books under the title ‘Means of Communication’-
Between 18th and 20th Century TELEGRAM was an important way of communication to send urgent messages in India. However, it lost its charm in the beginning of 21st century due to the rapid advancement in science & technology. Gradually mobile phones, internet, e-mails, facebook etc. forced TELEGRAM to take a back seat. Finally on 15th July 2013 it took its last breath and broke all its bonds which had kept people not only in cities but also the remotest areas connected for almost 163 years. The first TELEGRAM was sent on 5th November 1850 which covered a distance of 50kms from the then Calcutta to Diamond Harbour. After 5years this fast medium of communication was thrown open to the public.
American scientist Samuel Morse had patented telegraph in 1837. After that Morse and his associate Alfred well invented a new language using dot(.) and dash(-). This new invention made it possible to send messages from one place to another within a few hours using TELEGRAPH Machine. Ships could send an SOS to ask for help using telegraph machine by clicking three dots which represented English alphabet ‘S’ then three dashes which represented ‘O’ followed by three dots .e. ‘S’. By 1845 all European countries were connected by telegraph lines. Later German scientist Werner Von Siemens invented a new machine which just needed to turn machine dial to choose the right letter.
In 1870 Siemens brothers connected India and Europe by 11,000km long telegraph line which took only 30 minutes to send a message from India to England. This service which kept India connected with European countries was replaced by WIRELESS TELEGRAPH in 1931.