PRIDE OF THE NATION:
NATIONAL FLAG, the TRICOLOUR
Our National Flag is represents the hopes & aspirations of people of India. It is a symbol of our freedom. It has gone through a series of changes since its first inception. The National Flag of India was designed by Pingali Venkayyaand and adopted in its present form during the meeting of Constituent Assembly held on the 22 July 1947, a few days before India’s independence from the British on 15 August, 1947.
The three coloured bands in the national flag of India hold specific meaning. The topmost saffron band indicates the strength and courage of the country. The white middle band indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra while the last green band is a symbol of the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.
In the center of the flag lies the Dharma Chakra. This Dharma Chakra depicted the “wheel of the law” in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The chakra intends to show the importance of continuity of life i.e. there is life in movement and death in stagnation.
The ratio of width of the flag to its length is 2:3. Its diameter is approximately equal to the width of the white band. The wheel contains 24 spokes.
Earlier one could see the Tricolour furling on educational institutions & government buildings only but thanks to the amendments in the National flag Code, now all Indian citizens can proudly hoist the Tricolour over their homes, offices or factories however there are certain do’s & don’ts regarding the handling of our national flag and one must be aware of these in order to maintain the dignity of our national flag.
- The National Flag may be hoisted in educational institutions (schools, colleges, sports camps, scout camps, etc.) to inspire respect for the Flag. An oath of allegiance has been included in the flag hoisting in schools.
- A member of public, a private organization or an educational institution may hoist/display the National Flag on all days and occasions, ceremonial or otherwise consistent with the dignity and honour of the National Flag.
- Section 2 of the new code accepts the right of all private citizens to fly the flag on their premises.
The Don’t s
- The flag cannot be used for communal gains, drapery, or clothes. As far as possible, it should be flown from sunrise to sunset, irrespective of the weather.
- The flag cannot be intentionally allowed to touch the ground or the floor or trail in water. It cannot be draped over the hood, top, and sides or back of vehicles, trains, boats or aircraft.
- No other flag or bunting can be placed higher than the flag. Also, no object, including flowers or garlands or emblems can be placed on or above the flag. The tricolour cannot be used as a festoon, rosette or bunting.